CSC295 Computer Vision

Fall 2012

Synopsis: We explore some fundamentals of image processing and understanding, considering several image representations for extracting information and survey algorithms for solving a wide variety of problems, such as image de-noising, panorama creation, 3-D reconstruction, segmentation, and object recognition.
MWF 3:15-4:05 pm Science 3819
Instructor: Jerod Weinman
Office: Noyce 3825
Phone: x9812
E-mail: [weinman]
Course web page: http://www.cs.grinnell.edu/~weinman/courses/CSC295/2012F

Contents

1  Accommodations
2  Overview
3  Texts
4  Class attendance
5  Schedule of topics
6  Activities
    6.1  Reading
    6.2  Participation
    6.3  Laboratory exercises and write-ups
    6.4  Exams
    6.5  Independent project
7  Grading
8  Academic honesty
9  Deadlines
10  Contacting Me

1  Accommodations

If you have any disability that requires accommodations, please meet with me right away so that we can work together to find accommodations that meet your learning needs. You will also need to provide documentation of your disability to the Dean for Student Academic Support and Advising, Joyce Stern, located on the 3rd floor of the Rosenfield Center (x3702).
Please also note that I require your accommodations. The synthetic fragrances found in deodorants, lotions, after shave, body sprays, laundry products, perfume, cologne, etc. make many people who suffer with asthma, allergies, environmental sensitivities, cancer, and migraines much sicker. I am sensitive to many such chemicals you may not even notice, so please try to avoid using such scented products before coming to class and especially if you visit my office.

2  Overview

How can we make computers understand images? What information is contained in an image and how can a meaningful representation be extracted? The problems of computer vision are two-fold. First, how can we take a two-dimensional image and reconstruct the three-dimensional world it came from? Second, how can we understand and recognize objects from those three-dimensional worlds?
Computer vision draws on a surprisingly large and diverse set of other fields, including psychology, neuroscience, mathematics, photogrammetry, optics, physics, signal processing, pattern recognition, artificial intelligence, and even philosophy. We will try to find a way to glean what we need from each of these in a truly liberal (as in "liberal arts") fashion.
In this course, we will examine computational approaches to problems in low-level visual processing as well as some applications in higher-level vision.
Our major objectives for this course include:

Why take it?

Computers can do many things much better than humans, but this area is one where humans still excel. If you are interested in an exciting field with many open problems and practical applications, this course is for you.

What do I need to know?

This course assumes you have experience with programming in both the functional and imperative paradigms. You should also be fluent in some basic computational ideas like encapsulation and code re-use. Some mathematical maturity, especially familiarity with multivariate calculus and linear algebra, will be helpful, but not required because we will review them briefly as necessary. If linear algebra is a distant or non-existant memory, I strongly urge you to study Eero Simoncelli's "A Geometric Review of Linear Algebra " http://www.cns.nyu.edu/~eero/NOTES/geomLinAlg.pdf.

3  Texts

Due to discrepancies between topics or details appropriate to an undergraduate course, we have no single, official textbook. Instead, we will use selected readings from a variety of texts, which will be available on the course web page, PioneerWeb, and E-Reserves:
David Forsyth and Jean Ponce, Computer Vision: A Modern Approach, Prentice Hall, 2003.
Richard Szeliski, Computer Vision: Algorithms and Applications, Springer, 2011.
Emanuele Trucco and Alessandro Verri, Introductory Techniques for 3-D Computer Vision, Prentice Hall, 2008.
Our laboratory exercises will be done in MATLAB. This software is available on the MathLAN, but if you wish to have MATLAB on your own personal computer, a student version may be purchased from www.mathworks.com/store, www.journeyed.com, or www.academicsuperstore.com.
Two well-organized, regularly updated, additional resources on the web include a manually categorized research bibiliography and a compendium.
CVonline: The Evolving, Distributed, Non-Proprietary, On-Line Compendium of Computer Vision
Keith Price/USC Annotated Computer Vision Bibliography

4  Class attendance

Class meetings will involve a mix of discussions, collaborative activities, labs, and lectures. In short: You are expected to attend and actively participate in class. I am expected to make class worth attending.
Because is a collaborative, discussion-based course, your presence is integral to your learning. Thus, 1.5% will be deducted from your overall grade for each absence. I know that sometimes "things happen." Therefore, you will be granted one unexcused absence from class without penalty. However, this rebate is cancelled upon a second absence.
If you are absent, I would appreciate a written explanation (email is appropriate). If you know in advance that you will be absent for any reason, please notify me in writing (again, email is fine) at least 7 days in advance to make arrangements for considering your absence excused.
Because I do not wish you to risk harm to yourself or others, I am likely to moderate penalties in case of illness.
Our discussions benefit from your contributions. If you do miss a class, you must first talk to a classmate about any material that you may have missed. After that, you may follow up with the instructor about any further questions or concerns.

5  Schedule of topics

The following is an approximate schedule of topics to be discussed during the course. See the web page schedule for daily details.
Week Topic Week Topic
1 Image Formation 8 Stereo Geometry
2 Image Processing 9 3-D Structure from Motion
3 Edge Detection 10 Texture
4 Fourier Transforms 11 Color
5 Pyramids and Wavelets 12 Segmentation
6 Feature Detection, 13 Project Work
7 Descriptors, and Matching 14 Recent Research

6  Activities

Under a normal 16 credit load, I expect that you will spend 40 hours per week on your studies (class time, homework, and studying).1 Thus, you should plan to spend a minimum of 10 hours/week on work for this course:

6.1  Reading

Our class meetings will be heavily discussion and lab-based, and this will require a significant amount of preparation on your part. You should check the class schedule for updates and read any material that has been assigned before coming to class. Reading texts entails the following:
Overview
You should quickly skim through the reading once to get an overview of the material to be covered, paying particular attention to subject headings and topic introductions. This first "reading" can (and should) be quick. (Expected time: 5 to 10 minutes.)
In-Depth
Next, read the material closely. Try to understand what individual steps of algorithms or mathematical equations are accomplishing. Not everything will make sense at this point, but hopefully many things will. (Expected time: 40 to 50 minutes.)
Final Notes
After carefully reading the material, mentally review and try making a few notes to yourself about what you think are the most important concepts being covered, as well as any . Bring your questions to class. I will ask for them. (Expected time: 5 to 10 minutes.)
Most readings for this class contain mathematics or algorithms that require a moderate amount of study. While I realize not everyone learns best by reading, you are asked to make your best effort and come to class with any questions you may have. Then we can proceed with discussion, examples, and exercises that enhance and clarify the material in class.

6.2  Participation

Because much of our work in this course involves collaboration and discussion, you will be evaluated on your participation.
Participating in class involves: Students who regularly meet these criteria can expect to earn 90% (i.e., an A-) for their participation grade. I will reward students who regularly provide significant insights or guide discussion in productive ways with a higher participation score. Students who fail to participate regularly or who participate in counterproductive ways (e.g., by dominating the conversation or making inappropriate comments) can expect to earn a lower score.
One unexcused absence will have no effect on your participation score. (See the Attendance Policy, Section 4 above.)

6.3  Laboratory exercises and write-ups

Over the course of the term, approximately half of our class meetings will involve laboratory exercises. The "hands-on" labs will provide an instructor-assisted setting for you concretely engage in the material introduced in class and readings. Labs will be posted in advance of the date they are begun in class; because our in-class lab time is limited, it is very important for you to come prepared by reading the lab assignment beforehand, bringing any questions to resolve at the beginning of class.
You will be expected to produce a formal write-up of your results, including images and figures as appropriate, a description of your method(s), and providing some conclusions. You will also submit your code. Please see the course web page (and individual labs) for further details on what you are expected to submit. Although we will begin the labs in class, you might not finish the technical material in class and unlikely you will finish the write-up.
You will typically complete these labs in pairs or groups, oftentimes assigned by me on a rotating basis. Though you will start the lab as a group, I know it can be difficult to synchronize schedules on short time frames. Thus you may elect to complete your write-ups individually. In that case, you must clearly identify the contributions of your original partner(s) in the interest of academic honesty. Conversely, everyone whose name appears on a submitted group lab report has the responsibility to ensure everyone fully understands the submission.
While you are welcome to discuss course concepts with others, solutions and any work you do and submit should be that of you and your group alone. (See Academic honesty, section 8 below.)
You are encouraged to use the PioneerWeb Discussion Board for questions related to the course. If a post is related to an assignment, it must adhere to the standards of collaboration for that particular assignment.

6.4  Exams

As opportunities for you to demonstrate your image interpretation prowess and grasp of vision principles there will be two mid-semester exams, one before fall break and the other near the end of the semester. Although exam 2 is not intended to be cumulative, certain topics build on each other naturally and cannot be excluded.
Exam 1 Friday 19 October
Exam 2 Friday 7 December

6.5  Independent project

In the second half of the semester, you will propose and deploy an independent project that uses and builds on the principles we are learning in the class. You will have several weeks to work on the project and will be expected to conduct a small amount of mentored, but self-directed learning. Several example possibilities will be provided to get your imagination running. You will propose a project including a description of how a successful deployment will be produced, as well as milestones and benchmarks. You will share the results of your work in a final report and a presentation during finals week. Further details will be given after fall break.

7  Grading

My goal is for everyone taking this course to be able to demonstrate familiarity and fluency with the course concepts. I would be very happy if you all met the goals above and received "A"s. The following weighting will provide a basis for evaluation.
Laboratory Write-ups 60%
Participation 5%
Exams 20%
Project 15%

8  Academic honesty

As students, you are members of the academic community. Both the College and I expect the highest standards of academic honesty. (See the Grinnell College Student Handbook, e.g.,
http://www.grinnell.edu/offices/studentaffairs/shb/academicpolicies/academichonesty). Among other things, this means clearly distinguishing between work and ideas that are your own, and those that should be attributed to others. It is expected that the collaboration policies given in this syllabus and on particular assignments will be followed. In particular: As an instructor, I will meet my obligation to bring any work suspected to be in violation of the College's Academic Honesty Policy to the attention of the Committee on Academic Standing, after which there is no recourse with me.

9  Deadlines

Assignments are due at the specified time and date. Assignments due on days for which you have a prior excused absence must still be submitted by the deadline.
A late penalty of one letter grade will be deducted in each subsequent twenty-four hour period after the deadline.
Exception: Deadlines for MathLAN computer-based assignments will automatically be extended by at least one twenty-four hour period if MathLAN is down for an unscheduled period of three or more hours during the week preceding the assignment due date.

10  Contacting Me

Please come by during my office hours to discuss the course content, get any extra assistance, or just talk about how the course is going. Note that if multiple students have similar questions or issues, we may work together as a group. If you cannot attend a scheduled office hour, you may also email me to schedule an appointment; please include 3-4 possible meeting times so that I can pick one that works for me.
I enjoy getting to know my students, but I prefer to reserve office hours for academic matters. If you would like to have a more informal conversation, I would be delighted to accept an invitation to eat lunch with you at the Marketplace.
Email is also a reliable way to contact me, but please allow 24 hours for a response (except on weekends, when I do not regularly read email). You may also call me in my office (x9812) for more urgent matters (e.g., you will be missing a lab due to illness).
With thanks to Sam Rebelsky for the "Participation" section, and Janet Davis for the "Reading Suggestions" and other key policies.

Footnotes:

1This is a minimum recommendation for achieving "satisfactory" (i.e., C-level) results. "Good" or "excellent" results may require a greater investment of time.